Robert Boyle was Anglo Irish chemist, philosopher, inventor, and physicist. He is regarded as modern chemist in history. He is also a pioneer in modern scientific method for experiment in chemist and physic fields.
Today, people know his name from Boyle’s law that describes relationship between absolute pressure and gas volume. He invented many notable works, and his cornerstone work is The Sceptical Chymist. He was a part of Fellowship of Royal Society.
He was born from noble family. Richard Boyle is his father, and his mother is Catherine Fenton. He was born on 12 January 1627, in Lismore Castle located in County Waterford.
During childhood, he was fostered to family in his neighborhood. He learned Latin, Greek, and French from private tutor. After that, he studied at Eton College, England.
Robert Boyle travelled abroad after three years in college. He went to Italy with his tutor. He learned about star-gazer and spent winter in Florence. In that time, Galileo Galilei was the elderly in 1941.
He returned after long journey from continental Europe in 1944. In that time, his father died. Robert received manor of Stalbridge and estates in County Limerick. He resided in Stalbridge House from 1944 to 1952.
In his residence, he conducted several experiments and researches. He was very devoted to his passion and interest. His popular law was formulated after several experiments.
He started with propagation sound, force of freezing water, hydrostatic, color, and electricity. Well, chemist was his favorite. His first book explained experiment regarding Salt, mercury, and Sulphur.
He also had interest to philosophy and theology. Both were side by side where he learn to conduct practical and controversial sides. He had written several articles and publication related to religion.
His theology perspective was from his scientific interest. In that era, people started to ask more about God and religion. He tried to explain the complex subject to be as simple as possible.
Robert Boyle studied more about nature law and critized Rene Descartes. He became director of East India Company to spread his philosophical view. With his expertise in languages, he published some books in different languages.
Award and Honors
He was one of founders of Royal Society. He became Fellow in 1663. His name was for medal and honor as Robert Doyle Prize for Analytical Science.
Another medal with his name is The Boyle Medal for Scientific excellence. It is the join award between The Irish Times and the Royal Dublin Society.
Legacy and Works
He published many books and articles, such as New Experiments Physico-Mechanical: Touching the Spring of the Air and their Effects, The Sceptical Chymist, and Hydrostatical Paradoxes.
His philosophy works are Seraphic Love, Excellence of Theology compared with Natural Philosophy, The Martyrdom of Theodora and of Didymus, and The Christian Virtuoso.
He did not marry during his lifetime. He moved to his sister residence and still conducted experiments, especially shared the same interest with his sister. Robert Boyle had bad health and died on 31 December 1691.